Second International Symposium on the Arctic Research Arctic System in a Changing Earth. Tokyo, Japan, December 7-9, 2010


Lebedeva L.S.*, Semenova O.M.** 

* St.Petersburg State University, Dept. of Geography and Geoecology, 
31/33 10-ya liniya V.O., 199178, St.Petersburg, Russia,
** State Hydrological Institute, St.Petersburg, Russia
Permafrost areas are the special subjects for research as they are distinguished to be the important part of atmosphere-land-ocean system interaction. 
To investigate all aspects of complicated hydrological processes in the permafrost zone it’s necessary to have long-term high-quality measurements. They are provided by little number of small research basins. One of them is Kolyma water-balance station in Russia. Surprisingly, till now its dataset is still studied fragmentary, but it led long-term collection of observations of runoff, variable states, water balance components, etc.
Kolyma water-balance station (KWBS) is situated within the upstream of Kolyma River (the North-East of Russia, 6154’N, 14725’E) and is unique for mountainous regions of continuous permafrost. Since 1948, special observations of water balance components, state variables of frozen soil and snow, and other characteristics were carried out at this station. The elevation varies within 800–1700 m range. The average annual temperature is -13 C, precipitation is about 400 mm. The main types of landscapes depending on elevation are mountainous tundra and larch taiga. The data gathered at KWBS is available in paper published form for the period 1948 – 1990 years.
Some description of soils, vegetation, geological structure and other information is accompanying the observational data. Thus, the dataset can be used not only for the identification of the process but mainly for the investigation of the conditions (or, physical features of the landscape) determining them. In this way the data becomes the main base for the ‘legal’ physically-based calibration of model parameters which can be then systematized and transferred to other basins situated in similar conditions. The systematized parameters can be applied at larger spatial scale. 
The objective of the on-going research is to analyze the available data, and use it for improvement of algorithms and assessment of hydrological model parameters. In this sense old data on soil temperature and moisture, evaporation, snow, active layer depth is becoming a new one requiring the integration of knowledge of other disciplines such as geocryology and hydrogeology.
The results of the Hydrograph model application on the KWBS data will be presented. They will include simulations of specific processes (thawing of active layer, snow formation and melting) on plot scale and runoff simulations for small-, middle- and large-scale watersheds in Kolyma River basin.
permanent link to this abstract: